From Almondsbury to Aylmer: The Pearce Letters

From Almondsbury To Aylmer Cover

byDavid J Porter

This book was published in August 2008 by Burning Ambition Publications in London, England

Contact details:  publisher@burningambition.org

In 1852 a newly married couple emigrated from Gloucestershire to Aylmer in Upper Canada (now Ontario). Over the rest of the century, their relatives in England wrote to the emigrants. The two dozen surviving letters give an insight into the reasons people emigrated, supported by information on prices of basic commodities and wages. The letters touch on political events and social changes in Britain, and articulate the Christian faith of their writers.

    The book describes the six-week voyage to New York in a former slave ship, the 600-mile trek to their destination, and what they found there. The letters also contain significant information on members of the Pearce family remaining in Gloucestershire and their neighbours. The emigrants’ descendants are widely dispersed across Canada and the United States. Family trees cover both these and their relatives in Britain.

Ontario Distributor for the book are:

Campbell Book Supplies

17 Talbot Street East
Aylmer, ON
519/773-3188         519/773-3188

Sparta House Tea Room

Main Street
Sparta, ON
 519/775-2312         519/775-2312 

Book Launch and book signing by author was at the  Aylmer Library Wed. 8  October 2008

Book Review by Dr. Colin Read, Professor of History, Huron University College, London, Ontario

      History is about the great, the good, and the not-so-good: kings and queens, prime ministers, prelates, merchant princes, and the like.  David Porter’s From Almondsbury to Aylmer: The Pearce Letters  provides yet another powerful antidote to this tired and tiresome argument and hence should be read widely, especially by the historical illiterate, too many of whom occupy positions of power.  Those who would argue, for example, that Sir John A. “built” the Canadian Pacific Railway, even though he worked not at all on it, not even swinging the sledge hammer that drove the last spike, would benefit mightily from immersing themselves in this well-produced, well-written, well-illustrated, well-mapped volume about “ordinary folk” on either side of the Atlantic who, like unrecorded multitudes, led lives of consequence.  The ordinary is ever significant.

      The principals of Porter’s piece are, in the first instance, William and Emma Pearce who left the southwest of England in 1852, settling, first, in Malahide in Elgin County, where they joined, according to the 1851-2 census, 176 others from England and Wales then in that township.  Chain migration had played its part in their coming, as friends had preceded them and made them aware of the possibilities inherent in the new land.  Pushed by the prospect of landlessness in Almondsbury and attracted by the pull of real property, William and Emma struck deep roots in Elgin, eventually acquiring a farm in the east part of Yarmouth, not far from Aylmer.   With deft strokes, author/editor Porter sets the scene, establishes needed context, tells the tale, and provides genealogical data.  The key part of his book, however, consists of the twenty-five letters discovered in the 1960s  between the Pearces and their English relatives, especially William Pearce senior.  Though nibbled by mice, these letters provide a rich banquet for those interested in real people who populated a world that is receding in time and memory yet connected still to the present.

      On the latter score, does any of this sound familiar?:  the call of greener pastures with its promise of land and prosperity, the heartbreak involved in family members leaving for distant places, the fragility of life, the search for solace in the face of death through the promise of life eternal in heaven in company with the newly-departed.  All this and more, as the author/editor points out, is to be found in these letters.  Particularly poignant is the family falling-out that developed over a small bequest left to William by his departed father, despite the elder William’s having done all he could to assure that his three sons would be treated fairly.  The journey to this particular family hell was clearly paved with good intentions.

      From Almonsbury to Aylmer provides the stuff of lives lived, far more than do many accounts that have those deemed “historically important” swaggering upon the world’s stage.

1858 Pearce Letter

Index for the book, From Almondsbury to Aylmer: The Pearce Letters

Numbers in italics relate to figures.

Gloucestershire is abbreviated to Glos, Ontario to Ont, North West Territories to NWT.

Figure followed by f or ff implies and the following page or pages. Figure followed by n means see the footnote.

Act of Parliament (1601) 19

Africa 49

agricultural labour 28, 42, 44, 48, 137, 157, 170, 174

Alabama, USA 151

Albany, NY 54, 55, 60

Almondsbury , Glos, England 3, 11ff, 14, 35, 36, 59, 64ff, 80, 91, 112, 149 and passim

Almondsbury Hill 14, 1516, 28, 35, 36, 41f, 169, 175, 185, 196

Almondsbury School 42

St Mary’s Church/Parish 13, 15, 21, 34f, 41, 72ff, 102, 132, 175, 185

Sheymoor Lane 189

Swan Inn 14, 17

The ‘Smithy’ 35, 37, 38

Vestry Records 21, 23, 196

Alveston, Glos 34, 37

Appalachian Mountains 54

Armstrong’s Gazette 64

ashery 63

Assiniboia, Saskatchewan 159

Atlantic Ocean 49, 51f

Attryde, Rachel 171

Aust, Glos 188

Austin, Texas 149

Australia 48, 73

Avon River 50

Aylmer, Ont. 3, 57, 59, 60, 61, 63ff, 137 and passim

Aylmer Anglican Cemetery 66

Aylmer Cemetery 48, 163, 166

Aylmer District Museum Archives 61, 62, 136

Aylmer Express 46

United Church parsonage 166

Baber, Escombe Hillier 178

Backer/Baker/‘Bacon’, Billy 82, 85, 90

Backus, George 143

Baker, Alfred (1896-) 194

Baker, Arthur William (1885-) 193

Baker, Florence (1890-) 194

Baker, Hannah, née Pearce (1890-) 192f

Baker, Hilda see Vowles

Baker, Henry 193

Baker, Mabel (1898-) 194

Baker, Oliver Charles (1887-) 192ff

Baker, Sarah Jane, née Pearce (1860-) 39, 93, 96, 98, 103, 107, 109, 193

Baker, Thomas 193

Baker, Thomas (1892-), son 194

barn-raising 136, 142

Barton, Florence Mabel 189

Barton, Frances Florence, née Hill 188f

Barton, Herbert Sidney 189

Barton, Sidney 188

Barton Regis 22, 170, 173, 183

Bath, Somerset 39, 44f, 117, 193

Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia 17

Beck Isle Museum 94

Bennett, Ada Louisa, see Pearce

Bergan, Manitoba 157

Blake, Elizabeth 43

Blake, Emma, see Pearce

Blake, John 43, 45

Bond, Elizabeth Mary see Hill

Booking, P.A. 41

Boon, Ethel M.L., née Husher 183

Boon, Leslie S. 183

Bowers, Brian 6

Bowers, Faith 6

Boyles, Sarah Ann, née Pearce (1872-) 178

Boyles, George 178

Bracey, Hester 34

Brentry, Glos 22, 129, 131, 169, 175f

The Crow 124, 176, 177

brick/brick making 31, 32, 143, 178

Bristol Channel 17

Bristol, City of, England 3f, 10, 14f, 37, 43ff, 49, 50, 51f, 66, 74, 118, 176, 178f, 181f, 195, 197

Alton Terrace 180

Avonmouth 180f

Bedminster 181

Bridge Street 195

Bristol Port 180

Bristol Repository 74

Bristol Trade Directory 43

Brunel’s Lock 50

City Library 6, 51

Clifton 75, 132f, 171ff, 178f, 197

College Place 74n

Hotwells 180

Presentment 51

Record Office 6, 21

Shirehampton 180ff

St James’ parish 45, 169, 178

St Paul’s, Portland Square 42, 43f, 49, 179, 197

St Phillip’s parish 180

Britannia Mines, Vancouver Island 154

Britain/British Isles 57, 63n, 70

British Army 59, 179

British Government 59, 78, 85, 176

Bromyard, Herefordshire 191

Broom, Thomas (Tommy) 113, 123, 125, 169

Brown, George 36

Browne, Capt John 51

Bruce County, Ont. 154

Buffalo, NY 54ff

Builder family, Dundas 134

Builth, Brecknockshire, Wales 179

Burns, Thomas Nicholas 152

Burns, Thomas W. 152

Caldwell, Beatrice see Pearce

Caledonia, NY 53, 56

California, USA 150

Canada passim

Canada Air Line 63

Canada Southern Railway 63

Canada West 57, 76, 153

Northwest Territories 157f, 162

Upper Canada 48, 53, 57, 58, 141

Cann, Eliza, see Pearce

Cardiff, Wales 172

Castle Garden, NY 53

Cattybrook Brickworks 32

Census 1841 44, 169

Census 1851 42, 44, 169

Census 1861 137, 169, 174, 196

Census USA 1870 151

Census Canada 1881 157

Census UK 1881 171, 173

Census UK 1891 172f, 179, 193ff

Census UK 1901 172f, 180, 188, 193, 195

Centennial Farm 5, 140, 163

chapel 82, 107

Charles, Ethel, née Smith 157

Charles, James Edwin 157f

Charlton, Glos 22, 131, 169, 173

Chester-Masters, William 20

Christian belief/religion 32ff, 72, 116ff,

119ff, 124f, 127, 145

Church, Austin 63n

Church of England (Established Church) 11, 42

church wardens 19, 21

Cinque Ports, UK 171

civil registration of births 56

Clark, Dr (Aylmer) 46

Clark’s Crossing, NWT 157

Clarke, James Laurence 178

Clarke, Kathleen Frances 179

Clarke, Norah 179

Clarke, Rose Ethel, née Pearce 178f

Clifton Suspension Bridge 50

Cole, Eva 143

Coles Corners, Yarmouth, Ont. 163

Collector of Customs, New York 52

Compton Greenfield, Glos 44

concession road 61

conscription 28

Cooper, Ann 73, 78

Cooper, Seth 73, 78

Corinth, Ont. 60, 62, 166

Cropp, David 65

Cropp & Newell, Messrs 64

Crosby, Willie 143

Cumberland, England 159

Curtis, Mrs (Bristol) 74

Curthoys, Frederick 188

dame schools 26, 188

Darrow, Annie née McGahey 152

Darrow, Daniel 151

Darrow, Eliza, née Pearce (1852-1943, daughter of emigrants) 46, 53, 66, 87, 98,149ff, 150151, 153, 156, 158

Darrow, Ella 152

Darrow, Hannah, née Handley 151f

Darrow, James Nicholas 152

Darrow, Lorene, née Shepperd (wife of James) 152

Darrow, Nettie 152

Darrow, Nicholas (husband of Eliza Pearce) 149, 150, 151

Darrow, Walter 152

Davidson, Clare 143

Davidson, Mary Lucretia, see Pearce

Davis, Andrus 60

Davis, Benjamin 74

Davis, William 60

Deadwood, British Columbia 165

Deception, Lake Ont. 154

Detroit, Michigan 57, 166

Detroit River 57

domestic service 39, 43f, 48, 171f, 178f, 183, 188, 193f

Drake, Edith, née Husher 182, 182

Drake, Edward 182

Dryden, Ont. 160

Dublin, Ireland 58

Dundas, Ont. 134

East Tawa, Michigan 166

Easter Compton, Glos 106

Eastville, Glos 170

education/schooling 26, 37f, 42ff, 46, 74, 141, 190, 196

Edwards, Mike 6

Elgin County, Ont. 4, 57, 59f, 60, 136, 141, 153f, 158

Elgin County Archives 6

emigrants/emigration 41, 61, 64, 66, 73, 122, 137, 145

England 61

English Channel 171

Erie Canal 53ff, 55

Erie Canal Museum, Syracuse, NY 6

Esseltine, Jack 143

Esseltine, Winona 143

Established Church see Church of England

Europe 152

Evans, Jenny 6

Feltham, Susan Amelia see Husher

Fennians/Fenian Brotherhood 78

Ferris, Annie, see Pearce

Filton, Glos 76, 101, 131f

Fionn mad Cumhaill 78n

finance/money matters 34

Fisher, William 44

Ford, Joseph B. 178

Forest of Dean 15

Fort Erie 57, 63

frame houses 142f

France 28, 179

Francis, Thomas Ernest 140

Franco-Prussian War 83

Frape, Margaret Lucy, see Pearce

Free Churches 34

Frome, Somerset 195

Gayner, John 87, 101, 114f, 120f, 123, 131ff, 190

Georgia, Fulton County 152

Gibraltar 178

Giddings, Texas 149

Glasgow, Scotland 51

Gloucester, City of 10

Gloucestershire 13, 44, 48, 59, 73n

County Record Office 6

South Gloucestershire 3, 11, 12, 17

Gold Rush 150

Gore, Emily Harriet see Husher

Governor (Aylmer) of Canada 62

Graham, Arnold 155

Graham, Emma Blanche, née Smith (d. of Hannah & Homer), 155, 156

Graham, Percy 155

Graham, Norman Dufferin (husband of Emma

Blanche Smith) 155

Great Lakes 54, 59

Green, Pearl Winnigene, née Pearce 159

Green, Richinson 159

Greenbush, Ont. 157

Greenwich Maritime Museum 50

Griffin, Jane 39

Grovesend, Ont.60, 137, 153

Great Western Railway (UK) 117

Great Western Railway (Canada) 63, 90

Haight, Samuel 138

Halton, Bucks, UK 172

Hanwell, West London 172f

Harman, Ellen, née Hill 172f

Harman, James John 172

Harman, Nellie 172

Harman, Thomas James 172

Hawkesbury, Glos 192

Hawkesbury Upton, Glos 193

Hawkins Corners, Ont. 138

hay/hay broking/hay cartering 31, 33, 65, 72, 76, 81, 93,94, 95, 98, 185

Henbury, Glos (now Bristol) 171, 178, 183f

St Mary’s 34, 175, 184

Her Majesty’s Customs 171

Higgs, Sarah Ann, see Pearce

Higgs, William 178

High Wycombe, Bucks, UK 172

Hill, Alfred Rowland (1878-) 189

Hill, Annie see White

Hill, Caroline/Carolyn, née Pearce (1852-86, daughter of James & Arabella) 90, 99, 107, 109, 117, 125, 187

Hill, Charles (1873-) 107, 187f

Hill, Clara see Norman

Hill, Edith Alice 188

Hill, Ellen see Harman

Hill, Eliza, née Britten (also Curthoys) 188

Hill, Elizabeth (1886-) 190

Hill, Elizabeth Mary, née Bond (wife of Charles Hill) 188

Hill, Florence Jane see Jefferies

Hill, Frances Florence see Barton

Hill, Frank (1898-1919) 188

Hill, Frank (1882-) 189

Hill, George (Caroline’s husband) 185, 187

Hill, George (1884-) 190

Hill, George (1879-81) 189

Hill, Jane, née Vowles (daughter of Eliza and Joseph) 77, 98, 107, 114, 123, 125, 170f

Hill, John 187

Hill, Madge Jane 107, 187f

Hill, Martha 188

Hill, Thomas (husband of Jane) 170, 172f

Hill, Thomas Edwin 173

Hill, William (father of Thomas) 171

Hill, William George 173

Hill, William (1879-) 189

Hodgkinson, John 62

Hodgkinson’s Corners, Ont. 62

homesteads 157, 158, 159, 166

Hope, Arkansas, USA 149

Hopkins family 4, 64ff, 86

Hopkins, Alfred 65f, 94, 99, 102

Hopkins, Edwin 64ff, 75, 86, 93,99, 102

Hopkins, George 65

Hopkins, Harriett Ishmael 65f

Hopkins, Hester/Hestor 64f, 75

Hopkins, Jane 65

Hopkins, Joyce 24

Hopkins, Lucy, née Barton 65

Hopkins, Mark 65

Hopkins, Mary 65

Hopkins, Sarah 65

Hopkins, Selena 65

Hopkins, William 65

Hopkins, William Henry 65, 67

Horseman, Hestor, see Pearce

housekeepers 112f, 131, 186, 193

Houston, Texas 149ff, 153, 156

Charles Shern Memorial Methodist Church 150

First Methodist Church 150

Glenwood Cemetery 151f

Houston Chronicle 150

Howe, David 143

Howe, Gordon 143

Howe, Kenneth 143

Howe, Mervin 143

Howe, Miss (teacher in Jaffa) 143

Hudson River, USA 54

Hurst, Andrew 42, 73

Husher, Albert Edward 181

Husher, Doris Phyllis 181

Husher, Edith (1887-) see Drake

Husher, Edith (1886-87) 182

Husher, Edith (d. of George & Susan) 181

Husher, Edward V. 181

Husher, Elizabeth 182

Husher, Ellen 181

Husher, Emily Harriet, née Gore 181

Husher, Emily Louise 181

Husher, Emily Louisa 182

Husher, Emma, née Pearce (1853-99) 180f

Husher, Ethel see McCullock

Husher, George Henry 181

Husher, George Owen 181

Husher, Herbert A. 181

Husher, Kate see Roche

Husher, Phyllis 181

Husher, Robert 180ff

Husher, Robert (s.of Robert & Emma) 182

Husher, Robert Thomas 181

Husher, Rosina née Stevens 182

Husher, Susan Amelia, née Feltham 181

immigrant processing 52, 53

impressment 28

India 165

Indians (native North American) 57

Indian Head, NWT 157

Ingerson, Eliza B., née Pearce 198

Ingerson, Harry B. 197

Ireland 17, 58, 78

Iroquois (tribe) 57

Isaacs, Mary Jane, see Pearce

Isaacs, William John 191

Jaffa, Ont., Canada 5, 46, 60, 138, 141, 143, 149, 153, 163, 165f

Jaffa Baptist Church 165

Jaffa School 143

Orwell Cemetery 163

James, Alfred 180

James, George (1875-) 179

James, Hannah, née Pearce 179

James, Henry 180

James, John 42, 125, 176

James, Sarah 180

Jefferies, Florence Jane, née Hill 172f

Jefferies, Frank 172

Jefferies, Frank Hubert 172

Jenkins, Ann, see Pearce

Kempton, Glos 87

King, Emily 180

Kingston, Dr (Aylmer) 46

Kirkland Lake, Ont. 162

Kirkpatrick, Eliza (Dolly), née Pearce (1891- 1941) 160

Kirkpatrick, Thomas 160

Knole Park, Glos 20

Knowle, Glos 113, 115, 121, 123, 125, 127, 129, 169f, 176, 179, 183

Lake Erie 57, 59

Land Grants 158

Lawrence Weston, Glos 175

Leigh, George 74

Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada 59

limeburning 31

Livingstone County, NY 53, 55f

Lloyds Register of Shipping 6, 49

log houses 60, 138, 141, 142

London, England 49

London, Ont. 166

Long Point 57

Lord of the Manor 19

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 58

Luton, Ont. 60, 137f

Malahide, Ireland 58

Malahide, Ont. 46, 60ff, 137, 158

Manchester, UK 171

Manitoba, Canada 4, 156f

Mary Ann Peters 49ff, 50

McCullock, Betty M. 183

McCullock, Ethel, née Husher 183

McCullock, Ethel M.L. see Boon

McCullock, James F. 183

McCullock, Nettie J. 183

McKeever, J.J. 150

McTaggart, Saskatchewan 159

Methodism/Methodist Church 17, 34, 46, 150

Middlesex County, Ont. 59

Millard, Ann, see Young

Millard, Hannah, see Pearce

Minsterworth, Glos 17

Moore, Eva Clara, née Smith 156, 157

Moore, Gordon 157

Moore, Howard 157

Moore, Lesley 157

Moore, Louis Rossington 157

Moore, Shirley 157

Moosomin, Saskatchewan 158, 160, 162

mortgage 45, 98, 104, 139, 140, 163

mudlarked 55

Napoleon Bonaparte 58

National Society/National Schools 42

National Archives of the United Kingdom 6

Neutrals (Indian tribe) 57

New Brunswick, Canada 49

New Orleans 150, 153

New Passage, Glos 17, 80, 90, 99, 109, 113, 116f, 176, 185, 187, 189ff

New Passage Road Hotel 193

The Glen 116191, 192

New York City, USA 49, 51ff,

New York Port Authority 6

New York State 54, 56

Newell, George 65

Niagara 57

Niagara River 56

Normal School 43f

Norman, Amelia née Gazzard 189

Norman, Clara, née Hill (1881-) 189

Norman Conquest 171

Norman, Ena Kathleen May 189

Norman, Henry Charles 189

Norman, John 189

Norris, Arabella see Pearce

Norris, Oliver 185

Norris, Thomas 185

North Battleford, Saskatchewan 159, 161

Northwick, Glos 187ff, 192ff

St Thomas’s Church 191ff

Nova Scotia 154

O’Brien, Janice 6

Offer, Sarah 187

Old Passage, Glos 17, 126, 177

Old Sodbury, Glos 179

Oldbury on Severn, Glos 15

Olveston, Glos 37

O’Mahony, John 78n

Ontario, Canada passim

Northern Ontario 153

Ontario Archives 6

Ontario Carriage Works 64

South Western Ontario 165

Western Ontario 63

Orton, James W. 65

Over, Glos 25, 26, 27, 74, 88, 124

Over Court 26

Overseer of the Poor 19, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 34, 35, 73n, 74n, 132

Paddington, London 172

Palmer, Faye, née Smith (d. of Hannah & Homer) 156, 157

Palmer, John Francis 157

parents, care of elderly 146f, 186

parishes 11ff, 12, 19ff, 33f

parish relief 23ff, 28

Parrott, Frederick 188

Parsons, Sarah see Pearce

paupers 21f

Pearce, Ada Louisa, née Bennett 195

Pearce, Alfred John (1858-63, s. of James & Arabella) 192

Pearce, Alfred H. (1891-) 195

Pearce, Ann, née Jenkins (1799-1861, wife of James) 24, 75, 196ff

Pearce, Ann (d. of James & Hannah) 23, 24

Pearce, Ann (1797, d. of James & Hannah) 24

Pearce, Annie, née Ferris 197f

Pearce, Arabella, née Norris (1829-1908, wife of James) 30, 39, 109f, 112, 127n, 129, 133f, 185f, 194

Pearce, Arthur I. 198

Pearce, Beatrice née Caldwell (Bea) 166

Pearce, Blake Kenneth 45, 160, 161162

Pearce, Caroline, see Hill

Pearce, Charles Delmar 160

Pearce, Christine, née West 162

Pearce, Edith Ann (1889-) 195

Pearce, Edith M. 198

Pearce, Eliza, née Cann 197f

Pearce, Eliza, see Darrow

Pearce, Eliza B., see Ingerson

Pearce, Eliza, see Vowles

Pearce, Eliza (1855-72) 183

Pearce, Eliza (Dolly) see Kirkpatrick

Pearce, Elizabeth (1849-1867) 179

Pearce, Elizabeth (1822-26 d of Wm & Hannah) 30, 31

Pearce, Elizabeth (wife of Norman) 5

Pearce, Emma, née Blake (1823-94, emigrant) 3f, 30, 41, 43ff, 48, 49, 52ff, 57ff, 66, 72, 137f, 141f, 149, 170

Pearce, Emma, see Husher

Pearce, Estella Irene (Stella) see Plato

Pearce Family Bible 47, 53, 56, 137

Pearce, Fanny (b.1899) 195

Pearce, Florence (1895-) 195

Pearce, Floyd Ellis 5, 140, 143164, 166, 168

Pearce, Frances (Fanny) (1862-, d. of James & Arabella) 69ff,105, 107, 126, 171, 186,191, 194f

Pearce, Gail (daughter of Norman) 5, 7

Pearce, George (1846-1847) 178

Pearce, George (1857-82) 183f

Pearce, George (1823-1908, s. of Wm &

Hannah) 30, 34, 70f, 73, 77, 82, 84, 87, 90, 98, 101, 103f, 108, 112ff, 121, 123ff, 129 131, 133ff, 146f, 169,171, 175ff, 186f, 190

Pearce, George Edgar (1855-84, s. of emigrants) 137, 153

Pearce, Hannah, née Millard (1797-1870, w. of elder William) 24, 30, 31, 34f, 35, 37, 39, 41, 72f, 77ff, 81, 169f, 175, 185

Pearce, Hannah, née Stephens (c.1770-1838, w. of elder James) 23ff, 242527, 31, 64

Pearce, Hannah see Baker

Pearce, Hannah see James

Pearce, Hannah, see Smith

Pearce homestead 137, 138, 149

Pearce, Harley Green 162

Pearce, Helen Eileen see Porter

Pearce, Hestor, née Horseman (1819-80, 1st w. of George, emigrant’s brother) 30, 113, 175, 177

Pearce, Isaac (1833-50) 197

Pearce, Isaac William (1861-1948, s. of emigrants) 46, 137, 149, 158, 162, 163

Pearce, Isaac Jenkins (1860-) 197f

Pearce, Jane (1833-42) 198

Pearce, James (1826-92, emigrant’s brother) 30, 34, 40, 70f, 73, 77, 79f, 82, 84, 87, 90, 93, 95, 98, 101, 103ff, 109f, 112ff, 116ff, 124, 126f, 131ff, , 185ff, 190

Pearce, James (1830-1903) 197

Pearce, James (1847-) 178

Pearce, James (son of 1801 James) 75, 196ff

Pearce, James (c.1776-1819, grandfather of emigrant) 23ff, 24, 31, 64

Pearce, James (1859-1942, s. of emigrants) 46, 47, 157f, 158, 162

Pearce, James (1801-80, s. of James & Hannah) 24, 31, 75, 82, 90, 170, 196ff

Pearce, James Cann (1858-76) 197f

Pearce, James E. (1885-) 197

Pearce, Jane 197

Pearce, Jane see Sarah Jane

Pearce, Jessie Irene (daughter of James & Albina) 161

Pearce, Jessie Irene see Walker

Pearce, John (son of Norman) 5, 140

Pearce, John (1866-) 195

Pearce, John Wesley (1863-1954, s. of emigrants) 34, 137f, 140, 151, 163, 164, 168

Pearce, Lillian (Lillie) 158, 160

Pearce, Lydia Eva Doris see Porter

Pearce, Louisa (1896-) 195

Pearce, Mabel (1893-) 195

Pearce, Margaret Lucy, née Frape 45, 160

Pearce, Marion C. (1892-) 195

Pearce, Mary (wife of James) 196

Pearce, Mary (1888-, d. of William Clement) 118, 192

Pearce, Mary Ann (1835-43) 197f

Pearce, Mary Jane, née Isaacs 191, 193

Pearce, Mary Lucretia, née Davidson (Lynn, wife of John Wesley) 163, 164168

Pearce, Martha (1885-, d. of William Clement) 118, 192

Pearce, Matilda 161

Pearce, Minnie Matilda, née Smith 197f

Pearce, Neta Luella see Smith

Pearce, Norman 5, 140, 168

Pearce, Pearl Winnigene, see Green

Pearce, Ralph 166

Pearce residence 36

Pearce, Rosa 165

Pearce, Rose Ethel see Clarke

Pearce, Ruby Gladys see Ruel

Pearce, Sarah, née Pople (1819-1911, 2nd wife of George, emigrant’s brother) 30, 71, 113, 127ff, 132, 134, 175f

Pearce, Sara Albina, née Davidson (wife of James, son of emigrants) 158f, 158, 162

Pearce, Sarah Ann see Boyles

Pearce, Sarah Ann, née Higgs 178

Pearce, Sarah Jane (d. of James & Arabella) see Baker

Pearce, Thomas 90

Pearce, Mrs Turner Thomas 73

Pearce, William (1798-1882, father of emigrant) 23, 24, 28, 30, 31ff, 36, 37, 39ff, 65f, 70ff, 107, 109, 112, 118, 131f, 145, 169, 175f, 185, 192, 196f

Pearce, William (1824-1904, emigrant) 3ff, 30, 33, 38, 41ff, 46, 48f, 52ff, 57ff, 66, 70, 131f, 137f, 140ff, 146f, 170, 176, 187, 190

Pearce, William (1860-64) 184

Pearce, William (1897-) 197

Pearce, William Clement (1855-1916, son of

James & Arabella) 68, 70f, 87, 90, 107, 109, 111, 113, 116, 117ff, 127, 129, 134, 186ff,190f, 193f

Pencavel, Robin 6

pension (old age) 176

Percy, Lanora 143

photography 88, 107

Pickard, Beatrice 143

Pickard, Frank 143

Pilning, Glos 188f, 192, 194

St Peter’s Church 192f

Pilning and Severn Beach Family History

Group 6

Plato, Bobby 165

Plato, Estella Irene (Stella), née Pearce 165, 168

Plato, Murray Lee 165

Plymouth, Devon, 188

St Luke’s 188

Poor Law 20f

Poor Law Amendment Act (1834) 21, 29

Poor Law Unions 21f, 115

Poor Rate 19

Pople, Elizabetta 183

Pople, Sarah, see Pearce

Pople, Thomas 175

population 59, 61, 63

Port Bruce, Ont. 60

Port Burwell, Ont. 60

Port Stanley, Ont. 60

Porter, David J. 4, 6, 168

Porter, Helen Eileen, née Pearce 3, 4143, 147, 166, 167168

Porter, Lydia Eva, née Pearce 143, 147, 164, 166, 167, 168

Porter, Robert William 166, 167

Porter, Ruth 168

Porter, Sandy 6

Porter, Thomas Edward 166, 167

press-gangs 28

prices 68, 72ff, 78, 81ff, 85, 89f, 93, 96, 98, 100, 106f, 134, 190

Prussians 83

Quakers 33, 92, 98, 101, 120, 132, 138

quarry/quarrying 121, 123, 124, 125, 129, 176

Raikes, Robert 42

Rail Road Strike (USA 1877) 106

railways 16, 31, 53, 99, 180, 191, 195

Ranson, Bertha, née Smith 154

Ranson, Blake 158

Ranson, Fred 154

Ranson, George Coulter (husband of Bertha Smith) 154

Ranson, George 154

Ranson, Harley 158

Ranson, Stanley 154

Redwick, Glos 3f, 38, 109, 117, 119f, 131, 185ff, 188, 190, 192ff

Bland’s Row 39, 185ff, 187, 193f

Zion Chapel 34

Riel Rebellion 157

Roche, Eileen 183

Roche, Francis J. 183

Roche, James F. 183

Roche, Kate, née Husher 183

Rosser, Manitoba 154

Regina Cemetery, Saskatchewan 154

Ruel, George Edward 165f

Ruel, Ruby Gladys née Pearce 165f, 167168

Russo-Turkish War (1877-8) 100f

Rye, Sussex 171, 173

Mermaid St 171, 173

salteratus 63n

San Antonio, Texas 157

Saskatchewan, Canada 141, 149f , 158

Saunders, Robert 44

Schenectady, NY 149

schooling see education

Schram, Willie 143

Seawell, George H. 152

settlers 61ff

Severn, River 14f, 16f, 185

Severn Bore 17

Severn Railway Tunnel 32, 185, 186

Shepherd’s Bush, London 173

Simcoe, General John Graves 59

slavery 49f

Smith, Ada Melissa, née Spearman (wife of

Clarkson) 156

Smith, Carl 154, 155

Smith, Clarkson Freeman 156, 156f

Smith, Daniel 154, 155

Smith, David 157

Smith, David T. 165

Smith, Douglas 157

Smith, Earl 154, 155

Smith, Ella (d. of Hannah & Homer) 153, 156

Smith, Ethel see Charles

Smith, Eva Clara see Moore

Smith, Faye see Palmer

Smith, Gary 168

Smith, Gordon 157

Smith, Hannah, née Pearce (1857-1939, d. of emigrants, w. of Homer) 45f, 137, 149, 153f, 153

Smith, Harvey Wilson 154

Smith, Jerry Edmund 154, 155

Smith, Lena May 154, 155

Smith, Les 154, 155

Smith, May, née McCharles (w. of William

Havelock) 154

Smith, Minnie M., see Pearce

Smith, Muriel 157

Smith, Neta Luella, née Pearce 165, 167168

Smith, Owen 154, 155

Smith, Sidney 94

Smith, Wayne 168

Smith, William Havelock (s. of Hannah &

Homer) 154

Smith, William Homer 153, 154, 157

Smith, Wilson Harvey (s. of Hannah &

Homer) 156

Somerset, England 50

Southmead, Glos 123, 176

Sparta, Ont. 60, 62, 153

Springfield, Ont. 165f

St Thomas, Ont. 59f, 165f

City Library 6

Stephens, Hannah, see Pearce

Stokes, Arthur 143

Stokes, Doris 143

Stokes, Lloyd 143

Stokes, Raymond 143

Stroud, Glos 13

Summers Corners, Ont. 60, 137

Sunday Schools 42, 46, 108

Syracuse, NY 55

Talbot, Col. Thomas 58f

Talbot Road/Street 57, 58, 59, 6062

Teignmouth, Devon, UK 171ff

temperance 111

Texas, USA 46, 153

Denton County 152

Harris County 152

Hempstead 152

Texas Central Railroad 149

Thornbury Union Poor House/Workhouse 22, 27, 29, 66, 175f

Thornbury street market 68

threshing machine 32, 76

Thurnham, Lancashire 172

tithe (and tithe map) 17, 36

Toronto, Ont. 163

Union Depot 151

trades unions 106

Trafalgar, Ont. 153

Tribe, Beatrice 143

Tribe, Gladys 143

Tring, Herts, UK 172

Troy (later Aylmer), Ont. 62

Turner, James 65

turnpike road 15

tythings 13, 25, 74n, 196

United States of America 3, 49, 140, 149

Civil War 150

Upper Canada see Canada

Vale of Berkeley, Glos 15

Vancouver, British Columbia 165

Vaughan, Squire James 25f

Vienna, Ont. 166

Vowles, Caroline 170

Vowles, Eliza, née Pearce (1818-80) 30, 34, 39f, 77, 81f, 84, 87, 90, 96, 98f, 101, 103f, 107ff, 114f, 123, 125, 131f, 146, 169f, 173, 183

Vowles, George (son of Eliza & Joseph) 77, 82, 104, 114, 123, 125, 170, 173f

Vowles, Hilda, née Baker, (1894-) 194

Vowles, Jane see Hill

Vowles, Joseph (1819-85) 30, 73, 77, 82, 90, 99, 104, 113ff 123, 169f

Vowles, Joyce née Osborne 169

Vowles, Thomas 169

wages 72f, 76, 85, 89, 98, 99, 119

Wales 14, 17, 90, 191

Walker, Jessie Irene, née Pearce 161

Walker, William Charles 161

Waterloo, Battle of 28, 58

Watts, Isaac 112, 120

Waugh, Samuel B. 53

Wellesley, Arthur, Duke of Wellington 58

Wesley, Charles 17, 34, 80, 111

Wesley, John 17, 34, 80

West Indies 49f

Westbury on Trym, Glos 3f, 22, 113, 115, 169, 175f, 178ff, 181f

Westleigh, Devon 197

Weyburn, Saskatchewan 159

White, Alfred 172

White, Annie, née Hill 172

White, May 172

White, William 172

Wiley, Hugh 143

Will of William Pearce 34, 87, 101, 131ff, 187

Willow Bunch, Saskatchewan 159

Wimborne, Dorset 180

Windsor, Ont. 163, 166

Winnipeg, Manitoba 149, 157

Brookside Cemetery 154

Winterbourne, Glos 175, 178

White’s Hill 179

workhouse 20, 22, 170, 174, 183

Yarmouth Township 137f, 153f, 163

Young, Ann, née Millard 35, 73

Young, Charles (husband of Ann) 38

Young, Charles (employer) 38f, 42, 73f, 82

Young, Emma 42, 73

Zavitz, Ira 138

 

 About the Author – David Porter

David Porter

David J. Porter was born in London, Ontario, Canada in 1945. His education includes degrees in Economics and Commerce from Simon Fraser University in Vancouver and a Masters in Business Administration from the University of Washington in Seattle. David and his wife Sandy moved to London, England, in 1971, where they have lived and worked ever since, Sandy as a teacher and David as Chief Executive of a financial services company. David’s pursuit of his own family history began many years ago, stimulated by his mother’s keen interest in her family’s past. Since most of his ancestors emigrated to Canada from the British Isles during the nineteenth century and he now had easy access to the wonderful archives and libraries that the British enjoy, his quest to learn more about the origins of his ancestors began in earnest in 1971. Over a dozen articles written by David have been published in the World Leasing Yearbook, but From Almondsbury to Aylmer: The Pearce Letters is his first non-business publication.