# LM tests for unit roots in the presence of missing observations: small sample evidence1Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the European Meeting of the Econometric Society, Toulouse, August 1997, and the International Congress on Modelling and Simulation MODSIM97, University of Tasmania, December 1997.1

*Hiro Y. Toda* and
*Colin McKenzie*

*Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM)*, 1999, vol. 48, issue 4, 457-468

**Abstract:**
The purpose of this paper is to derive the asymptotic distributions of some Lagrange Multiplier (LM) tests for unit roots in time series models in the presence of missing observations, and to provide evidence on the small sample properties of these tests. LM tests for a unit root in a first-order autoregressive process for two types of null and alternative hypotheses are considered: a unit root without drift versus level stationarity, and a unit root with drift versus trend stationarity. Modifications of the tests to account for serially correlated errors are suggested. The small sample size and power properties of the tests are investigated using a Monte Carlo simulation.

**Keywords:** Missing observations; Lagrange Multiplier test; Monte Carlo simulation; Serial correlation; Stationarity; Unit roots (search for similar items in EconPapers)

**Date:** 1999

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**Persistent link:** https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:matcom:v:48:y:1999:i:4:p:457-468

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